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This model represents a prolonged version of the Roman Gladius sword. The Gladius Livianus can be delivered with brass-fitted wooden scabbard for corresponding extra charge. The wooden scabbard is not covered by the basic price.
Made in the Czech Republic.
The Gladius was the ideal weapon in close combat infantry formations, such as the Romans used it. In the dense fray of the infantry, both due to their close unity and mass printing had the onrushing limbs and was protected in front by the large shields (Scuta) recalled that the short length of the sword is positive and gave the Legionnaires, despite the narrow and crowded an advantage. He was also the densest fray still use his weapon (stabbing in particular), without dropping his guard, while owners of long swords that under these conditions could hardly be used.
Gladii were two-edged for cutting and had a tapered point for stabbing during thrusting. A solid grip was provided by a knobbed hilt added on, possibly with ridges for the fingers. Blade strength was achieved by welding together strips, in which case the sword had a channel down the center, or by fashioning a single piece of high-carbon steel, rhomboidal in cross-section. The owner's name was often engraved or punched on the blade.
Stabbing was a very efficient technique, as stabbing wounds, especially in the abdominal area, were almost always deadly (see the quotation from Vegetius under pugio). However, the gladius in some circumstances was used for cutting or slashing, as is indicated by Livy's account of the Macedonian Wars, wherein the Macedonian soldiers were horrified to see dismembered bodies. Though the primary infantry attack was thrusting at stomach height, they were trained to take any advantage, such as slashing at kneecaps beneath the shield wall.
Please read also our: Directions for the use of bladed weapons.
In the case of hand-forged blade our blacksmith takes the already rolled spring steel and forges it with hand on the anvil or under the monkey (drop hammer). By forging becomes the steel more compacted (denser). Industrially rolled spring steel blades are made by cutting steel plate into strips under drop shears. Then they are ground or milled/grooved and without further forging directly put into the annealing furnace and hardened in oil bath. The qualities of both kinds of blades do not differ from each other much since the industrial rolling is already very good. On forged blades usually have forge traces, which give them an authentic and unique look.