Gladius, Falcata and other antique swords
The Gladius was for a long time a favoured one-handed weapon in the ancient Roman world. From about 300 BC 300 AD, infantrymen of the Roman legions led those short swords, which are still today called "Gladius" (in the language used at the time was every sword a "Gladius"). These include the most famous types "Mainz" and "Pompeii", which differ (usually) only in terms of their blade shape - while the blade is straight in the "Pompeii" type, the “Mainz” blade tapers towards the tip. Both have the largely identical, distinctive handle with a spherical pommel, and are primarily suitable for stabbing in close combats, while the two-edged blade enables also allows cutting blows.