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Charles V (Spanish: Carlos I or Carlos V, German: Karl V., Dutch: Karel V, French: Charles Quint, 24 February 1500 – 21 September 1558) was ruler of the Holy Roman Empire from 1519 and, as Charles I of Spain, of the Spanish realms from 1506 until his abdication in 1556. On the eve of his death in 1556, his realm, which has been described as one in which the sun never sets, spanned almost 4 million square kilometers.
As the heir of three of Europe's leading dynasties – the Habsburgs of the Archduchy of Austria, the Valois of the Duchy of Burgundy and the Trastamara of the Crown of Castile and the Crown of Aragon – he ruled over extensive domains in Central, Western, and Southern Europe, as well as the various Castilian (Spanish) colonies in the Americas.
He was the son of King Philip I of Castile (Philip the Handsome) and Queen Joanna of Castile (Joanna the Mad). His maternal grandparents were King Ferdinand II of Aragon and Queen Isabella I of Castile, whose daughter Catherine of Aragon was Queen of England and first wife of Henry VIII. Henry's daughter was Mary I of England, who married Charles's son Philip. His paternal grandparents were the Holy Roman Emperor Maximilian I and Duchess Mary of Burgundy, whose daughter Margaret raised him.
In the case of hand-forged blade our blacksmith takes the already rolled spring steel and forges it with hand on the anvil or under the monkey (drop hammer). By forging becomes the steel more compacted (denser). Industrially rolled spring steel blades are made by cutting steel plate into strips under drop shears. Then they are ground or milled/grooved and without further forging directly put into the annealing furnace and hardened in oil bath. The qualities of both kinds of blades do not differ from each other much since the industrial rolling is already very good. On forged blades usually have forge traces, which give them an authentic and unique look.